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【収録辞典の概要】ステッドマン医学大辞典


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ステッドマン医学大辞典 改訂第6版 (C)メジカルビュー社
Copyright(C)2008MEDICAL VIEW Co., LTD.All rights reserved.
Based on STEDMAN’S Medical Dictionary 28th Edition (by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, A Wolters Kluwer Health Company)



注記

 ステッドマン医学大辞典では薬品についての正確な適応症(効能)・副作用・投薬スケジュールが記載されていますが、これらは変更される可能性があります。ステッドマン医学大辞典で言及されている医薬品の製造販売業者の添付文書を必ずご参照ください。ステッドマン医学大辞典の著者・編者・出版者・販売者は、ステッドマン医学大辞典の誤字・脱字や、ステッドマン医学大辞典の情報の利用により生じた一切の結果に関して一切の責任を負わず、ステッドマン医学大辞典の内容について一切の明示または黙示の保証をいたしません。また、ステッドマン医学大辞典の著者・編者・出版者・販売者は、ステッドマン医学大辞典から生じる人及び/又は財産に対する傷害及び/又は損害についての責任を負いかねます。



ステッドマン医学大辞典 改訂第6版 編集委員会

総監修
高久 史麿 自治医科大学 学長
編集委員
青山 隆夫 東京理科大学薬学部 薬学科薬物治療学 教授
阿部 一幸 東京医科大学 医学英語 講師
有阪 治  獨協医科大学医学部 小児科学 教授
稲田 陽一 聖マリアンナ医科大学 物理学分野(生理学) 講師
稲山 誠一 東洋医科学研究所 所長
今井 壯一 日本獣医生命科学大学 獣医寄生虫学 教授
井廻 道夫 昭和大学医学部 第二内科学 教授
上原 譽志夫 東京大学保健センター 准教授
大石 実 日本大学医学部附属練馬光が丘病院 神経内科 准教授
太田 伸生 東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科 国際環境寄生虫病学分野 教授
大橋 靖雄 東京大学大学院医学系研究科 生物統計学 教授
大林 民典 東京都立駒込病院 臨床検査科 部長
小川 郁 慶應義塾大学医学部 耳鼻咽喉科 教授
小澤 敬也 自治医科大学 内科学講座血液学部門 教授
小田 哲子 東邦大学医学部 医学科解剖学(微細形態学分野) 講師
鹿島 晴雄 慶應義塾大学医学部 精神神経科 教授
木原 和徳 東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科 泌尿器科学 教授
木村 健二郎 聖マリアンナ医科大学 腎臓高血圧内科 教授
栗原 伸公 神戸女子大学家政学部 公衆衛生学 教授
黒澤 博身 東京女子医科大学大学院医学研究科 心臓血管外科 教授
小瀧 一 国際医療福祉大学 薬学部 教授
坂井 建雄 順天堂大学医学部 解剖学第1 教授
佐藤 幹二 東京女子医科大学大学院医学研究科 病態治療学分野 教授
佐藤 健次 東京医科歯科大学大学院保健衛生学研究科 形態・生体情報解析学分野 教授
佐藤 二美 東邦大学医学部 医学科解剖学(生体構造学分野) 教授
澤 充 日本大学医学部 眼科 教授
塩貝 敏之 恵心会京都武田病院 脳神経科学診療科 部長
須田 英明 東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科 歯髄生物学分野 教授
武谷 雄二 東京大学大学院医学系研究科 産科婦人科学 教授
谷 憲三朗 九州大学生体防御医学研究所 ゲノム機能制御学部門ゲノム病態学分野 教授
辻本 元 東京大学大学院農学生命科学研究科 獣医内科学 教授
堤 晴彦 埼玉医科大学総合医療センター 高度救命救急センター 教授
寺田 一志 東邦大学佐倉病院 放射線科 教授
長野 昭 浜松医科大学 整形外科 教授
中村 真理子 東京慈恵会医科大学 ウイルス学 准教授
名川 弘一 東京大学大学院医学系研究科 腫瘍外科学 教授
貫和 敏博 東北大学加齢医学研究所 呼吸器腫瘍研究分野 教授
百束 比古 日本医科大学 形成外科 教授
堀 均 徳島大学大学院ソシオテクノサイエンス研究部 ライフシステム部門生命情報工学 教授
増田 豊 昭和大学医学部 麻酔科学 客員教授
松村 讓兒 杏林大学医学部 解剖学 教授
宮田 哲郎 東京大学大学院医学系研究科 血管外科学 准教授
宮地 良樹 京都大学大学院医学研究科 皮膚生命科学講座皮膚科学 教授
山田 安彦 東京薬科大学薬学部 臨床薬効解析学 教授
和田 攻 日本労働文化協会理事長 東京大学名誉教授
渡邉 聡明 帝京大学医学部 外科 教授
編集協力
赤尾 信明 東京医科歯科大学
池 和憲 日本獣医生命科学大学
市村 浩一郎 順天堂大学
大関 健志 東京薬科大学
大谷 壽一 東京大学
甲斐崎 祥一 東京大学
川上 理 東京医科歯科大学
川島 伸之 東京医科歯科大学
神崎 晶 慶應義塾大学
久具 宏司 東京大学
佐藤 英貴 東京大学
澤井 直 順天堂大学
澤野 誠 埼玉医科大学
志村 直人 獨協医科大学
高柳 理早 東京薬科大学
谷岡 未樹 京都大学
寺原 敦朗 東邦大学
田 亮介 慶應義塾大学
遠田 譲 東京女子医科大学
中川 敦夫 慶應義塾大学
野村 健介 慶應義塾大学
福島 啓太郎 獨協医科大学
前田 正幸 三重大学
増田 均 癌研有明病院
門澤 秀一 明石市立市民病院
山田 治美 国際医療福祉大学
吉川 信一郎 慶應義塾大学
敬称略・五十音順・平成19年10月現在
 
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アートワーククレジット

Artwork in this edition of Stedman’s Medical Dictionary was created or adapted by the following companies and artists (see Illustration Credits for sources of adaptations):
ANATOMICAL CHART COMPANY, amniocentesis, coronary artery, atherosclerosis, separation of blood components, septal defects, diaphragm, fissures, kidney, liver lobule and sinusoids, cranial nerves, thrombosis, all artwork in the anatomy insert. All rights reserved.
MARY ANNA BARRATT-DIMES, Parkton, MD, dark and light adaptation, pure tone audiogram, circadian rhythm, coenzyme, dose response curve, cardiac cycle, Venn diagram, electropherogram, electroretinogram, heteroduplex formation, myocardial infarction, mendelian inheritance, kinins, menstruation, nomogram, operon, polycythemia vera, radioimmunoassay, radioallergosorbent test, retrovirus, Ogino-Knaus rule, sick sinus syndrome, mononuclear phagocytic system, reverse transcriptase, inheritance of translocation trisomy, active transport, vasopressin, lung volume compartments, fever, tympanogram, HIV infection, cell-mediated immunity, humoral immunity, immunoglobulin, olfaction, horopter plane, formation of image on retina, antigen presenting cells.
KATHRYN BORN, Arlington, TX, palpation of prostate gland.
SUSAN CALDWELL, Parsonsburg, MD, antigen presenting cells, frequent numeric chromosome aberrations, aberration (spheric), aerosol therapy, food allergies, antibiotic groups, autoimmune disease in humans, classification of bacteria, ABO blood group, muscles used in breathing, Angle classification of malocclusion, coagulopathy, minimal alveolar concentration, diagnosis of cytomegalovirus, types of emphysema, accommodation of eye, development of fetus, nerve fiber groups, types of glycogenosis, nomenclature of hepatitis antigens, classification of human herpesvirus, FDA approved clinical uses of interferons, lymphocytes, maldigestion or malabsorption, tumor markers used in primary diagnosis, main components of nonprotein nitrogen, pressure: various units, clinical diagnosis of HIV-infected patients, cardiomyopathies (WHO classification), Ann Arbor system, viruses associated with acute gastroenteritis in humans, major digestive enzymes, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, T-helper subsets, insulin, some common lasers used in medicine, Head lines, plasma lipoproteins, lochia, milk, etiology of osteomalacia, acute pancreatitis, precancers, intracardial pressure, plasma proteins, rating of perceived exertion, β-adrenergic receptors, afferent and efferent reflexes, Glasgow coma scale, Apgar score, sensation, sphingolipidoses, TNM staging, autonomic nervous system, taxonomy, coatings of the tongue, classification of conjoined twins, viral embryopathy, vitamins and minerals, causes of vomiting, hydronephrosis, urine, oncogenic viruses, differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia, differential diagnosis of hypocalcemia, representative DNA-containing tumor viruses, cytokines and chemokines, summary of nonspecific host defenses, classification of hypersensitivity reactions, complement components, adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte migration, major groups of viruses, rabies postexposure prophylaxis guide, lymphoma classification, classification of primary immunodeficiency disorders, International Lymphoma Study Group, assessment of chest pain, important deep tendon reflexes, neurotransmitters, collagen, inflammation, delusions, depression, sleep, wound types, diabetes mellitus, and motor, social, verbal development of child.
JONATHAN DIMES, Parkton, MD, respiratory volume.
DUCKWALL PRODUCTIONS, Baltimore, MD, osteoarthritis, homunculus.
NEIL O. HARDY, Westport, CT, olfaction, abdominal regions, alveolar abscess, accommodation, ameba, amnion, surgical anastomosis, angina pectoris, artery, bacteriophage, blood brain barrier, biceps & triceps muscles, bite, bone, segmental bronchi, coronary bypass, caduceus, callus, capillary bed, Foley catheter, chromosome, fetal circulation, pulmonary circulation, anastomosis clamp, cochlea, colostomy, successive contrast, sensory corpuscle, spinal curvatures, dentition, dermatomes, digestive organs, diverticulosis, diverticulum, postural drainage, cochlear duct and spiral organ, nasolacrimal duct, dura mater, ear, ECG lead placement, embolism, human embryos, endocrine system, enterostomy, esophagus, eye, fetus, fibroids, bone flap, flexures, ovarian follicle, obstetric forceps, foxglove, types of fractures, Le Fort fractures, spinal ganglion, gastroenterostomy, gastrula, glands, glaucoma, glomerulus, graft types, gustation, hair, hemodialysis, hemothorax, indirect inguinal hernia, types of hydroceles, hydrocephalus, hyperopia, hyphema, ileocolostomy, ileostomy, cochlear implant, dental implant, surgical incisions, injection, innervation of the hand and wrist, insects and arachnids, islets of Langerhans, temporomandibular joint, keratoconus, full and partial corneal transplantation, kidney anomalies, germ layers, cruciate ligaments of knee, heart-lung machine, Heimlich maneuver, closed chest massage, muscles of mastication, Mastigophora, electronic fetal monitor, mouth, musculature, myopia, structure of the nail, nasopharynx, nematode, nephrolithiasis, nephron, Heberden nodes, nutrient absorption, total parenteral nutrition, nystagmus, surgical procedures to control obesity, orbit, female reproductive organs, male reproductive organs, auditory ossicles, osteoporosis, otitis externa, otitis media, ovulation, palpation of liver, pancreas, circumvallate papillae of tongue, bimanual percussion, periosteum, phalanges, central placenta previa, planes, plasmodium, lumbosacral plexus and sciatic plexus, Toxicodendron, sites of ectopic pregnancy, prostate, peripheral pulses, lumbar puncture, renal pyramid, quadrants, respiration, mouth-to-mouth respiration, layers of the retina, abdominal retractor, position of the uterus, Babinski sign, paranasal sinuses, cell receptor site, skin components and layers, poisonous snakes, somites, human spermatozoon, spleen section, splenomegaly, airplane splint, sprain, sternum, stomach, swallowing, synapses, hepatic portal system, meniscal tears, talipes cavus and talipes planus, tendons and ligaments, Barany caloric test, hammer toe, tooth, torsion, tracheostomy, rubrospinal tract, urinary tract, transplants and prostheses, twins, decubitus ulcer, open urachus, heart valves, venous valves, varicosis, vasectomy, major veins of the body, venom, ventricles of the brain, internal podalic version, HIV, vision, vulva, wound healing, intervertebral disc herniation, phagocytosis, spinal column, lungs and respiratory anatomy, reflex arcs, baroreceptors, haversian canal, erythrocytes, fontanelles and sutures, gallbladder, intestines, laryngeal cartilages, skeletal muscle, typical efferent neurons, organelles, somatic and visceral pathways, development, scoliosis, flexor tendon sheaths, cranial venous sinuses, spermatogenesis, corticospinal tract, knee joint, spinal cord and meninges, breast, cell with organelles, thoracic and right lymphatic ducts, vocal folds, Bryant traction, spinal cord injury, episiotomy, pyloric stenosis, fetal presentations, neuroglia, Pap smear, cardiac tamponade, superficial veins, CT illustration, sonography, MR imaging, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, laparoscopy, assessment of chest pain, important deep tendon reflexes.
TIMOTHY HENGST, Thousand Oaks, CA, amputation.
SIRI MILLS, Munich, Germany, human heart, penis, base of bladder and urethra, spinal cord, female genital tract.
MICHAEL SCHENK, Jackson, MS, perirectal abscess, venous angle, bomb calorimeter, human calorimeter, carcinoma, boutonniere deformity, developmental milestones, jersey finger, mallet finger, sliding esophageal and paraesophageal hernias, intracranial infections, skinfold measurement, spinal nerves, pinch and grasp patterns, spina bifida occulta, carpal tunnel syndrome, carpal tunnel.
MIKKI SENKARIK, San Antonio, TX, radiographic projection, Kawasaki disease, regional anesthesia for childbirth, Leopold maneuvers, caput succedaneum, arthroplasty, internal fixation, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, positions, stripping of the saphenous vein, heart transplantation, external cephalic version, different configurations of skin lesions, lateral position, oblique position, dorsal decubitus position, lateral decubitus position, ventral decubitus position, right anterior oblique position, left anterior oblique position, left posterior oblique position, right posterior oblique position, thoracoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy.
LARRY WARD, Salt Lake City, UT, pelvic examination, Weber test, Rinne test, ptosis, Schiotz tonometer, anal and rectal masses, stress response, goniometer.
 
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イラスト出展一覧

From Acland, RD. Acland’s DVD Atlas of Human Anatomy. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (abductor (muscle), atlantoaxial joint, atlantooccipital joint, biceps, biceps brachii (muscle), cartilage, collateral ligaments, costovertebral joints, costovertebral, craniovertebral joints, cricothyroid, deltoid, deltoid (muscle), diaphragm, distal radioulnar articulation, distal radioulnar joint, ear, extension, extensor digitorum muscle, external intercostal (muscle), flexion, flexor, flexor carpi radialis (muscle), flexor carpi ulnaris (muscle), flexor digitorum profundus (muscle), flexor digitorum superficialis (muscle), flexor muscle, four-headed muscle, gluteus, gluteus maximus (muscle), gluteus medius, hamstring, hip, hip joint, inferior oblique (muscle), inhalation, internal intercostal (muscle), interosseous muscles, intervertebral cartilage, knee, lateral cricoarytenoid (muscle), lateral hamstring, latissimus dorsi (muscle), medial hamstring, medial rotator, ossicles, pharyngotympanic (auditory) tube, posterior cricoarytenoid (muscle), pronator, pronator (muscle), pronator quadratus (muscle), pronator teres (muscle), proximal radioulnar articulation, proximal radioulnar joint, quadriceps, rotation, sartorius, sartorius (muscle), serratus anterior (muscle), shoulder, shoulder joint, spine, sternocleidomastoid, superior oblique (muscle), supinator, supinator (muscle), temporomandibular joint, thigh, thoracic spine, thyroarytenoid, thyroarytenoid (muscle), transverse arytenoid (muscle), trapezius (muscle), tympanic cavity, ulnar).
Courtesy of Acuson Computed Sonography Corporation, Mountain View, CA (Doppler ultrasonography).
From Agur AMR, Lee M. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (spinal column).
Courtesy of the Alzheimer’s Disease Education and Referral Center, a service of the National Institute on Aging (PET scan).
Reprinted by the permission of the American Cancer Society, Inc. (malignant melanoma).
Jennifer Anderson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (Podophyllum peltatum, Dicentra cucullaria) .
From Anderson SC, Poulsen K. Anderson’s Atlas of Hematology. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (pronormoblast, basophilic normoblast, polychromatophilic normoblast, orthochromatophilic normoblast, reticulocyte, erythrocyte, plasmablast, pro-plasmacyte, plasma cells: plasmacytes, lymphoblast, lymphocyte, monoblast, premonocyte, monocyte, eosinophilic myelocyte, eosinophilic metamyelocyte, eosinophilic band, eosinophil, myeloblast, promyelocyte, neutrophilic myelocyte, neutrophilic metamyelocyte, neutrophilic band, neutrophil, basophilic myelocyte, basophilic metamyelocyte, basophilic band, basophil, megakaryoblast, promegakaryocyte, megakaryocyte, platelets, hypersegmentation, Pelger-Huet, Dohle body, Faggot cell, LE cell, cleaved cell, hairy cell, Dutcher body, Mott cell, Chediak-Higashi granules, bilobed plasma cell, bacteria: spirochetes, stomatocytosis).
From Baker CL. The Hughston Clinic Sports Medicine Book. 1st ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995 (dislocation).
From Ballenger JJ, Snow JB. Otorhinolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery. 15th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (pharyngoesophageal diverticulum).
Courtesy of William Banner, MD. From Greenberg MI, Hendrickson RG, Silverberg M, eds.
Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (necrotic arachnidism).
Courtesy of Benjamin Barankin, MD, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (acne, acrodermatitis, albinism, varieties of digital clubbing, dermatitis, herpes simplex, necrosis, basal cell papilloma of skin, paronychia, herpes zoster, polio, leishmaniasis, elephantiasis, patch, papules, tumor, plaques, wheals, cysts, comedones, scales, fissures, keloid, cherry angioma, rosacea, strawberry hemangioma, frontal fibrosing alopecia, folliculitis decalvans, lichen planopilaris, Queen Anne sign, tinea amiantacea, traction alopecia, onychomycosis, Darier disease, dystrophic nails: habit-tic deformity, ingrown toenail, koilonychia, lichen planus, onycholysis psoriasis, pincer nail deformity, tennis racquet fingernails, poison ivy toxicodermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, radiation dermatosis, polymorphous light eruption, allergic drug reaction to allopurinol, erythema nodosum, cheilitis: allergy to lip balm, arachnid bite reaction, scabies: abdomen, Bowen disease, keratoacanthoma, seborrheic keratoses, Marfan syndrome, amyloidosis of tongue, fissured tongue, geographic tongue, pemphigus vulgaris: oral, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid nodule, simian crease: Down syndrome, varicose veins: calf, Apert syndrome: foot syndactyly, buffalo hump, bunion, dermatochalasis: abdomen, graft versus host disease, linea nigra: pregnancy, pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy, pitting leg edema, Rothmund syndrome, hernia: umbilical).
Thomas G. Barnes @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (Digitalis purpurea, Rhododendron periclymenoides, Aconitum uncinatum).
Courtesy of Baschat A, MD, Center for Advanced Fetal Care, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (Doppler flow sonogram, transverse sonogram of fetal thorax).
From Batjer HH, Caplan LR, Friberg L, et al, eds. Cerebrovascular Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1997 (transient ischemic attack).
From Bear MF, Connors BW, Paradiso MA. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, 1996 (homunculus).
From Bear MF, Conners PW, Paradiso MA. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (brain, mitochondrion, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, neurotransmitters).
From Becker AE, Anderson RH. Cardiac Pathology. New York, NY: Raven Press; 1983 (rheumatic aortic valve).
From Beckmann CRB MD, MHPE, Ling FW MD, Laube DW MD MED, Smith RP MD, Barzansky BM PhD MHPE, Herbert WN MD. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002 (conization, mammographic needle biopsy guide).
Courtesy of Bennett J, PhD, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (normal brain).
From Benjamin B, Bingham B, Hawke M, Stammberger H. A Color Atlas of Otorhinolaryngology. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1995. Artwork (c) Bruce Benjamin, Brian Bingham, Michael Hawke, and Heinz Stammberger (goiter, otitis media: early infection, otitis media: late infection, tympanosclerosis, cholesteatoma, otitis externa, perforation: tympanic membrane, middle-ear effusion, myringodermatitis, Ramsay Hunt Syndrome: herpes zoster of tympanic membrane, maxillary sinusitis, parotiditis, allergic rhinitis, acute viral rhinitis, anterior nasal septum: bleeding, left-sided parotid abscess, acute perichondritis, sialolithiasis: parotid duct stone, preintubation view: adult, preintubation view: pediatric, endotracheal tube, larynx and hypopharynx, cherry red epiglottis, airway obstruction due to hemangioma, laryngeal spasm, laryngeal trauma: dislocated arytenoids).
From Bickley LS, Szilagyi P. Bates’ Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (decussations, rigidity, fetal alcohol syndrome, blood pressure cuff, Brushfield spots, cyanosis, jaundice, Bell palsy).
Copyright Dick Bishop, MD. From Greenberg MI, Hendrickson RG, Silverberg M, eds. Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (lepiota rubrotincta, helvella infula, amanita smithiana, tricholoma flavovirens) .
From Blackbourne LH, MD. Advanced Surgical Recall. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (intubation, kidney position, jack-knife prone position).
From Brant WE, Helms CA. Fundamentals of Diagnostic Radiology. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (Scheuermann disease, upper gastrointestinal series, lemon and banana signs, small bowel obstruction, mammography, classic breast carcinoma, liver laceration, cystic bronchiectasis).
Courtesy of Bristow RE, MD, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD (normal pelvis).
Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (Actaea rubra, Veratrum californicum).
From Buchel C, Mooris J, Dolan RJ, Friston KJ. Brain systems mediating aversive conditioning: an event-related fMRI study. Neuron. 1998;20:947-329 (fMRI).
From Bucholz RW, MD, Heckman JD, MD. Rockwood & Green’s Fractures in Adults. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (burst fracture, night-stick fracture, patient positioning: fluoroscopy).
Reprinted from Bullough PG, Vigorita VJ. Atlas of Orthopedic Pathology. New York, NY: Gower Medical Publishing; 1988 (alkaptonuria).
Adapted from Burtis CA,Ashwood ER, Aldrich JE. Tietz Fundamentals of Clinical Chemistry. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 1996 (differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia, differential diagnosis of hypocalcemia).
From Byrum CD. AACN Clinical Simulations Cardiovascular System I [CD-ROM]. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (ventricular fibrillation).
From Cagle PT MD. Color Atlas and Text of Pulmonary Pathology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (Grocott-Gomori methenamine-silver stain, nuclear stain, Verhoeff elastic tissue stain, strongyloides, blastomycosis, Blastomyces dermatitidis).
Courtesy of Cavallucci D., CDA, EFDA, RDH, Harcum College, Bryn Mawr, PA (dental film techniques: occlusal, bitewing, periapical).
Courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (bacteria: bacilli, opisthotonus).
Adapted from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Series. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 1991:Vol. 40 RR03 (rabies postexposure prophylaxis guide).
From Chaffee EE, RN, MN, Greisheimer, MD, PhD. Basic Physiology and Anatomy. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1974 (reflex arcs, baroreceptors, haversian canal, erythrocytes, fontanelles and sutures, gallbladder, intestines, laryngeal cartilages, skeletal muscle, typical efferent neurons, organelles, somatic and visceral pathways, development, flexor tendon sheaths, cranial venous sinuses, spermatogenesis, corticospinal tract, knee joint, spinal cord and meninges, breast, cell with organelles, thoracic and right lymphatic ducts, vocal folds, Kawasaki disease, important deep tendon reflexes).
Courtesy of Toby Chai, MD and Geoffrey N. Sklar, MD, Assistant Professors of Urology, University of Maryland School of Medicine (bladder tumor, catheter and ureter).
Adapted from Champe PC, Harvey RA, Ferrier DR. Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (collagen).
Courtesy of H. Chehabi, Newport Diagnostic Center, Newport Beach, CA (PET: Alzheimer disease).
From Cohen BJ. Medical Terminology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (intraocular lens implant, sigmoidoscopy).
From Cohen BJ. Memmler’s The Human Body in Health and Disease. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, plasma membrane, frontal plane, sagittal plane, transverse plane, cross-section, longitudinal section, oblique section).
Courtesy of College of American Pathologists, Chicago, IL. From McClatchey KD MD DDS. Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002 (uric acid crystals).
From Collier L, Mahy BWJ. Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections. Vol. 1. 9th ed. London: Arnold Publications; 1998 (representative cellular oncogenes).
From Cormack DH. Essential Histology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (granular endoplasmic reticulum, centriole).
From Crapo JD MD, Glassroth J MD, Karlinsky JB MD MBA, King TE Jr MD. Baum’s Textbook of Pulmonary Diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (aspergillosis, Wegener granulomatosis, emphysema, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex: pulmonary infection, bilateral pulmonary nodules, coccidioidomycosis, Tc99m scan, trocars and thoracoscopes, thoracoscopy simulation).
From Crepeau EB, Cohn ES, Boyt Schell BA. Willard & Spackman’s Occupational Therapy. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (familiar cues, Pocket Talker).
From Crocetti M, Barone MA. Oski’s Essential Pediatrics. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (Williams syndrome, trisomy 18 syndrome).
From Daffner RH. Clinical Radiology: The Essentials. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (pancreatic pseudocyst, colon carcinoma, liver metastases, prostatic carcinoma, x-ray illustration, acute epidural hematoma, lung carcinoma, herniated nucleus pulposus, multiple sclerosis).
From Damjanov I. High-Yield Pathology. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (polyps, inflammation).
From Damjanov I MD. Histopathology: A Color Atlas and Textbook. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (periorbital neuroblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma, retinoblastoma).
From Dart RC. Medical Toxicology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (right index bleb, snake bite).
From Dean D PhD, Herbener TE MD. Cross-Sectional Human Anatomy. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (aneurysm, angiography, arteriography, circle of Willis).
From DeVita VT Jr, Hellaman S, Rosenberg S. AIDS: Etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven; 1997 (Kaposi sarcoma).
From Diallo AO, Chandrasekhara V. Microbiology Recall. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (cryptococcosis).
From Dockery GL, Crawford ME. Color Atlas of Foot & Ankle Dermatology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven; 1999 (fire ant bites).
From Doubilet PM, Benson CB. Atlas of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Multimedia Reference. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (ultrasound of hydrocephalus, gestational sac, placenta previa, multiple gestation).
Courtesy of Ralph C. Eagle, Jr, MD, Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital. From Tasman W, Jaeger E. The Wills Eye Hospital Atlas of Clinical Ophthalmology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (squamous cell carcinoma).
From Edwards L MD. Genital Dermatology Atlas. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (hypospadias, psoriasis: nail pitting, conjunctival scarring).
From Eisenberg RL. Clinical Imaging: An Atlas of Differential Diagnosis. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (cystic fibrosis, meningioma, pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis, pneumothorax, actinomycosis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Legionnaires disease, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, esophageal carcinoma, Wilms tumor, lead poisoning, lipoid pneumonia, pancreatitis, ureterocele, ischemic necrosis of femoral head, ivory vertebrae, mastocytosis, broncholithiasis, Zenker diverticulum, hematoma, polyhydramnios).
From Elder DE, Elenitsas R, Johnson BL, Murphy GF. Lever’s Histopathology of the Skin. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (scabies, Ziehl-Neelsen stain, Bodian stain, Gram stain, bullae, aplasia cutis congenita, pachyonychia congenita, basal cell carcinoma, Bowen disease, keratoacanthoma, pigmented seborrheic keratosis, Kaposi sarcoma: nodular stage, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome).
From Erkonen WE, Smith WL. Radiology 101: Basics and Fundamentals of Imaging. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (barium enema, urography, normal mammogram).
From Erochenko VP. diFiore’s Atlas of Histology with Functional Correlations. 8th ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (lungs and respiratory anatomy).
From Eroschenko VP PhD. diFiore’s Atlas of Histology with Functional Correlations. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (basal body, nasal cartilage, juxtaglomerular complex, Hortega neuroglia stain, Masson trichrome stain, Wright stain).
Adapted from The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27:S5-S10. Reprinted with permission from the American Diabetes Association. Copyright (C) 2004 American Diabetes Association (diabetes mellitus).
Adapted from Fadam B, Simring S. High-Yield Psychiatry. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (motor, social, verbal development of child).
From Farhi DC, Chai CC, Edelman AS, Parveen T, Vo TT. Pathology of Bone Marrow and Blood Cells. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (normal red blood cells: normocytes, bite cell, burr cells, dacryocytes, elliptocytes, spherocytes, stomatocytes, Howell Jolly bodies, Pappenheimer bodies, rouleau formation, schistocytes).
Adapted from Fauci A, et al. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine [book on CD-ROM]. 14th ed. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 1998 (Ann Arbor system).
From Feigenbaum H, Armstrong WF, Ryan T. Feigenbaum’s Echocardiography. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (two-dimensional echocardiogram, color B-mode echocardiography, transthoracic echocardiography: carcinoid syndrome, intravascular ultrasound: stenosis, anular Doppler tissue imaging, treadmill exercise echocardiogram).
From Feinsilver SH, Fein A. Textbook of Bronchoscopy. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995 (trachea, carina, right upper lobe bronchus, vocal folds).
Courtesy of Douglas Fix, PhD, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale IL (complement components).
From Fleisher G, Ludwig S. Textbook of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (convergent strabismus).
From Fleisher GR MD, Ludwig S MD, Baskin MN MD. Atlas of Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (spondylolysis, common lice of humans, lupus erythematosus, pyelography, dislocation, scabies mite, nodules, crusts, purpura, tick bite, tinea corporis, Allergic edema: insect bite, ecchymosis, pyogenic granuloma, allergic conjunctivitis, iron overdose, petechiae, periorbital neuroblastoma, cellulitis of the pinna, nasal polyp, systemic lupus erythematosus, epididymitis, orbital cellulitis).
William & Wilma Follette @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1992. Western wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. West Region, Sacramento, CA (Conium maculatum).
From Freeman LM. Nuclear Medicine Annual, 2004. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (SPECT imaging, MIBI scan, F-18 FDG PET scan, F-18 FDG study, FD-PET and CT image fusion).
From Fuller J RN PhD, Schaller-Ayers J RN MNSc PhD. A Nursing Approach. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Company; 1994 (palpation of prostate gland, Bryant traction, origin of cardiac murmurs, pelvic examination, Weber test, Rinne test, ptosis, Schiotz tonometer, anal and rectal masses).
Reproduced with permission from Garcia LS, Bruckner DA. Diagnostic Medical Parasitology. 3rd ed. Washington, DC: ASM Press; 1997 (fecal concentration procedures).
Courtesy of GE Medical Systems (Positron emission tomography, nuclear lung scan).
From Gold DH MD, Weingeist TA MD PhD. Color Atlas of the Eye in Systemic Disease. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (Fabry disease, filaria, spirochetes, Trichinella spiralis, trichrome stain, rhinoorbital mucormycosis: zygomycosis, Chediak-Higashi syndrome, serous retinal detachment, exudative retinal detachment, exudative retinal detachment: fluorescein angiography).
From Goodheart HP MD. Goodheart’s Photoguide of Common Skin Disorders. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (biopsy, rubella, spider angioma, atrophic plaques, cutaneous larva migrans, Candida albicans, dermatophyte, cryptococcosis, onychomycosis, tinea capitis: M. canis, macules, vesicles, pustules, burrows, erosions, excoriations, lichenification, telangiectases, alopecia areata, hirsutism, basal cell carcinoma, angioedema: bee sting, nits attached to hairs, jellyfish sting, erythema multiforme, pseudofolliculitis barbae, phototoxic eruption, pretibial myxedema, exophthalmos).
From Greenberg MI. Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (acral gangrene).
From Gur RE, McGrath C, Chan RM, et al. An fMRI study of facial emotion processing in schizophrenia. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159:1992, with permission (schizophrenia).
From Haines DE PhD. Neuroanatomy: An Atlas of Structures, Sections, and Systems. 6th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (brain: MRI, gyrus, hematoma, optic chiasm).
From Halstead CL, Blozis GG, Drinnan AJ, Gier RE. Physical Evaluation of Dental Patient. St. Louis, MO: CV Mosby Company; 1982 (Hutchinson incisors).
Neil O. Hardy, Westport, CT (CT illustration, sonography, MRI imaging).
Neil O. Hardy, Westport, CT. From Smeltzer SC, Bare BG. Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical Surgical-Nursing. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1996 (fiberoptic bronchoscopy, laparoscopy).
From Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (spot compression: fibroadenoma, calcification, skin marker in surgery, breast: guided biopsy, breast: phyllodes tumor).
Adapted from Harris NL, et al. A revised European-American classification of lymphoid neoplasms: a proposal from the International Lymphoma Study Group. Blood. 1994;September 1;84(5):1361-92 (International Lymphoma Study Group).
From Harwood-NussAMD FACEP, WolfsonAB MD FACEP FACP, et al. The Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (orbital floor blow-out fracture, foreign-body removal instruments).
Courtesy of Haywood VB, DMD, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA (vital bleaching).
Reprinted with permission from Hertig AT, Rock J, Adams EC. A description of a 34 human ova within the first 17 days of development. Am J Anat. 1956;98:435. Courtesy of Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC (blastocyst).
Reprinted with permission from Heuser CH. A presomite embryo with a definite chorda canal. Contrib Embryol. 1932;23:253. Courtesy of Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC (18-day embryo).
Copyright (c) Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian (bone scan).
From Hosley JB, RN, CMA, Molle-Matthews E, RN. Lippincott’s Pocket Guide to Medical Assisting. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (erect position, sitting position, dorsal recumbent position, Sims position, supine position, prone position, Fowler position, semi-Fowler position, lithotomy position).
From Humes DH, ed. Kelley’s Textbook of Internal Medicine. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (Clostridium difficile colitis, Kayser-Fleischer ring).
From Irwin RS, Rippe JM. Irwin and Rippe’s Intensive Care Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (bronchiectasis, epistaxis).
Courtesy of Dr. Norman Jacobs. From Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (bacteria: diplococci).
Adapted from Kapikian AZ. Viral Gastroenteritis. JAMA. 1993;229:627 (viruses associated with acute gastroenteritis in humans).
From Kean BH, Sun T, Ellsworth RM. Color Atlas/Text of Ophthalmic Parasitology. New York, NY: Igaku-Shoin; 1991 (chest roentgenogram: Chagas disease, hydatid cyst, Schistosoma mansoni).
From Kelsen DP, MD, Daly JM, MD, FACS, Kern SE, MD, Levin B, MD, Tepper JE, MD. Gastrointestinal Oncology: Principles and Practice. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002 (cholangiography, vascular stent, non-Hodgkin lymphoma).
From Koneman EW, Allen SD, Janda WM, Schreckenberger PC, Winn WC Jr. Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1997 (Clostridium tetani, Borrelia burgdorferi, Klebsiella pneumoniae, rotavirus, human immunodeficiency virus: electron micrograph, Pediculus humanus, Pthirus pubis, immunofluorescent stain).
From Koopman WJ, ed. Arthritis and Allied Conditions: A Textbook of Rheumatology. 14th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (ankylosing spondylitis).
From Kopans DB. Breast Imaging. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1989 (medullary carcinoma, galactocele, fibrocystic disease, cyst).
From Koval KJ, Zuckerman JD. Atlas of Orthopaedic Surgery: A Multimedia Reference. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (lumbar spinal laminectomy, lateral decubitus position, beach chair position, knee-chest position, arthroscopic graspers, arthroscopic cannulas, arthroscopic shaver, arthroscopic procedure, shoulder arthroscopy: patient in beach chair position, shoulder arthroscopy: view from posterior portal, arthroscopy of knee: meniscus tear).
Reprinted with permission from Krumlauf R. Hox genes and pattern formation in the branchial region of the vertebrate head. Trends in Genetics. 1993;9:106-112 (7-week human embryo).
Adapted from IMMUNOLOGY by Kuby (c) 1992, 1994, 1997 by W.H. Freeman and Company (immunoglobulin, antigen presenting cells, summary of nonspecific host defenses, classification of hypersensitivity reactions, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity). Used with permission.
From Langlais RP, Miller CS. Color Atlas of Common Oral Diseases. 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (cleft lip and palate, paradental cyst, microdontia, macrodontia, accessory cusp, gemination of lateral incisor, concrescence, hyperdontia, enamel hypoplasia, attrition, erosion, intrinsic staining, extrinsic staining, ectopic enamel, cold sore: recurrent herpes simplex).
From Langland OE, Langlais RP. Principles of Dental Imaging. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1997 (apical periodontal cyst).
Courtesy of Dr. E. L. Lansdown, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. From Agur A, Lee MJ. Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy. 10th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (lymphangiography).
Courtesy of Last JM, MD, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (choroplethic and spot maps).
From Levine RA. Principles and Practice of Echocardiography. 2nd rd. Philadelphia, PA: Lea & Febiger; 1994 (echocardiography).
From LifeART image copyright (c) 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (asthma, cerebral cortex, lobi cerebri, menisci, Tanner stages: female, fetal presentations, oxygen masks, atrium, cell meiosis, cell mitosis, adult airway, child airway, atelectasis). All rights reserved.
From Machi J, Staren ED. Ultrasound for Surgeons. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (ultrasound guidance, pseudoaneurysm, pericardial fluid in patient with tamponade, ileoileal intussusception, internal anal sphincter, endoscopy ultrasound, graded compression, lymph nodes, three-dimensional ultrasound image).
From Macnab I, McCulloch J. Neck Ache and Shoulder Pain. 1st ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1994 (spondylolysis).
Adapted from Male D, Roitt I, Brostoff J. Immunology: An Illustrated Outline. 5th ed. London: CV Mosby Company; 1994 (adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte migration).
From Mandell GL, Mildvan D, eds. Atlas of AIDS. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Current Medicine, Inc.; 2001 (wasting syndrome in AIDS).
From Mannis MJ, Mascai MS, Huntly AC. Eye and Skin Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1996 (cytomegalovirus retinitis).
Adapted from Martin FN. Introduction to Audiology. 5th ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall; 1994 (tympanogram).
From McClatchey KD MD DDS. Clinical Laboratory Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002 (bacteria: streptococci, bacteria: staphylococci, Candida albicans, urinary casts, yeast, Zygomycetes, Staphylococcus aureus, streptococci, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, cytomegalovirus, chromosome 5 painting probe, Fontana Masson stain, Gomori methenamine-silver stain, Romanowsky blood stain, Histoplasma capsulatum, Sporothrix schenckii, red blood cells, squamous epithelial cells, budding yeast forms, spermatozoa, starch granules, phase microscopy of leukocytes, cholesterol crystals, leucine crystal, fiber artifact, calcium oxalate crystals, cystine crystals, hyaline cast, crystal casts, Aspergillus fumigatus, Coccidioides immitis, Trichophyton tonsurans, Fusarium solani, Microsporum canis, spinal bifida).
From McClatchy K. Clinical Laboratory Medicine. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1994 (cystinosis).
Courtesy of Shirlyn B. McKenzie, PhD, Chair, Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. From McKenzie SB, Clare N, Burns C, Larson L, Metz J. Textbook of Hematology. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (basophilic stippling).
From McKenzie SB, Clare N, Burns C, Larson L, Metz J. Textbook of Hematology. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (macrocytes, microcytes, sickle cells, poikilocytes, thalassemia, Philadelphia chromosome translocation).
From MediClip image copyright (c) 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins (development anomalies of the uterus). All rights reserved.
Adapted from Melnick JL,Adelberg EA, Brooks GF, Jawetz E, Morse SA, Butel JS. Jawtez Melnick and Adelberg’s Medical Microbiology. 21st ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.; 1998 (representative DNA-containing tumor viruses, T-helper subsets).
Adapted from Miller CA. Nursing for Wellness in Older Adults: Theory and Practice. 4th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (delusions, depression).
From Mills SE, Carter D, Greenson JK, et al. Sternberg’s Diagnostic Surgical Pathology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (Leydig cell tumor: nodule, verrucous carcinoma: vocal cord, Leydig cell tumor, verrucous carcinoma: coronal section, Wilms tumor, Ewing tumor, osteochondroma, Ewing tumor: roentgenogram, osteochondroma of femur).
Adapted from Mims C, Playfair J, Roitt I, Wakelin D, Williams R. Medical Microbiology. 2nd ed. London: CV Mosby Company; 1998 (major groups of viruses).
Courtesy of Mission Hospital Regional Medical Center, Mission Viejo, CA (fetus in breech, torn meniscus, colon polypectomy).
From Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA (Ilex opaca).
From Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA SCS. 1991. Southern wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. South National Technical Center, Fort Worth, TX (Toxicodendron radicans).
From Moore KL PhD FRSM FIAC, Dalley AF II PhD. Clinical Oriented Anatomy. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (colon, hydrocephalus [MRI], fistula, cleft lip, normal eye with labels, normal tympanic membrane, mastoiditis).
Courtesy of Dr. P. Motta. From Sadler T, PhD. Langman’s Medical Embryology Image Bank. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (sperms binding to oocyte).
Courtesy of Nellcor Puritan Bennett Inc., Pleasanton, California (pulse oximetry monitor).
From Nettina, SM. The Lippincott Manual of Nursing Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (decubitus ulcer).
From Neville BW, Damm DD, White DK. Color Atlas of Clinical Oral Pathology. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (dental fluorosis, hypodontia, Kaposi sarcoma, hairy leukoplakia, oral hairy leukoplakia, cheilitis, strawberry tongue, Fordyce spots, Behcet syndrome, canker sores, mucocele, herpangina).
From Nursing Procedures. 4th ed. Ambler, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (electrocardiography, macrodrip, microdrip, blood transfusion, flow rate, nasopharyngeal airway, oral airway).
From Oatis CA. Kinesiology: The Mechanics and Pathomechanics of Human Movement. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (capsule, joints, spondylolysis, movements of the eyes and muscles employed, facial nerve, vertebral processes, spondylolisthesis).
From O’Doherty N. Atlas of the Newborn. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott; 1979 (milia, cavernous hemangioma, profuse lanugo hair). Courtesy of Olympus America, Inc. (pleural cavity).
Courtesy of Olympus Corporation of Tokyo (colonoscope).
From Ostler HB, Maibach HI, Hoke AW, Schwab IR. Diseases of the Eye and Skin: A Color Atlas. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (measles: skin rash, Sjogren syndrome, discoid lupus erythematosus).
Adapted with permission from Pantaleo G, Graziosi C, Fancim AS. The Immunopathogenesis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. N Engl J Med. 1993;238:327-335. Copyright (c) 1993 Massachusetts Medical Society (HIV infection). All rights reserved.
Courtesy of Peroukta R, MD, Cockeysville, MD (normal lateral meniscus, trimming lateral meniscus tear, ACL graft).
J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (Colchicum autumnale, Nicotiana tabacum).
Courtesy of PharMingen, San Diego, CA. Adapted from Cytokines/Chemokine Manual, 2nd edition, 1998.
Courtesy of Philips Medical Systems, Shelton, CT (CT apparatus).
From Pillitteri A PhD RN PNP. Maternal & Child Health Nursing: Care of the Childbearing & Childrearing Family. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (cellmediated immunity, humoral immunity, regional anesthesia for childbirth, Leopold maneuvers, caput succedaneum, audiogram).
From Pohost GM, O’Rouke RA, Berman DS, Shah PM, eds. Imaging in Cardiovascular Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (unstable angina).
From Pope TL Jr. Aunt Minnie’s Atlas of Imaging-Specific Diagnosis. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (gout).
Courtesy of Potter B., DDS, School of Dentistry, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA (cephalometric radiograph, panoramic radiograph: adult dentition, panoramic radiograph: mixed dentition, amalgam restorations, unerupted 3rd molar, radiolucent area, endosteal implants, root canal filling, recurrent decay).
From Premkumar K. The Massage Connection Anatomy and Physiology. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (DNA, atom).
From Rice DH, Schaefer SD. Endoscopic Paranasal Sinus Surgery. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (maxillary sinus ostium).
Adapted from Richardson P, McKenna W, Bristow M, et al. Report of the 1995 World Health Organization/International Society and Federation of Cardiology Task Force on the Definition and Classification of Cardiomyopathies. Circulation. 1996;93:841-42 (cardiomyopathies: WHO classification).
From Riordan CL, McDonough M, Davidson JM, et al. Noncontact laser Doppler imaging in burn depth analysis of the extremities. J Burn Care Rehabil. 2003;24:177-86 (burns).
From Roche Lexikon Medizin. 3rd ed. Munich, Germany: Urban & Schwarzenburg; 1993 (horopter plane, formation of image on retina, dyshidrosis, eczema herpeticum, thrush, monoclonal antibodies, arteriole, bacteriophages, gamma camera, cirrhosis, coxa valga, coxa vara, menstrual cycle, angioneurotic edema, Compton effect, endangiitis, human fingerprints, foot deformities, interarterial foramen primum and secundum, acute gastritis, hemorrhage, immunoelectrophoresis, Zahn infarct, laser, macular degeneration, mandible, medulloblastoma, mycosis fungoides, nevus sebaceus, phlebography, phonocardiography, placenta, polymer membrane, pseudoisochromatic plate, retinoscopy, rhinophyma, sarcoidosis, bronchopulmonary segments, skull, sleep spindle, splenomegaly, Rorschach test, varicosis, vectorcardiogram, osseous labyrinth, phagocytosis, pterygium, rocket immunoelectrophoresis, basilar membrane, schwannoma, ophthalmoscopy, ossification, bronchiolitis, bronchiogenic carcinoma, acute myelocytic leukemia, myoma of uterus, osteoarthritis, pemphigus vulgaris, polyposis, scintigraphy, scleroderma, human heart, penis-base of bladder and urethra, spinal cord, female genital tract, respiratory volume, human immunodeficiency virus, dermatitis herpetiformis, diverticulosis, liver scan).
(c)Rocky Mountain Poison Center, Dean Olsen (rattlesnake).
Copyright Judy Roger, MD. From Greenberg MI, Hendrickson RG, Silverberg M, eds. Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (Inocybe calamistrata, Inocybe olympiana, Clitocybe nebularis) .
Courtesy of Judy Roger, MD. From Greenberg MI, Hendrickson RG, Silverberg M, eds. Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (Psilocybe stuntzii, Amanita ocreata, Amanita phalloides, Galerina autumnalis, Gyromitra esculenta, Coprinus atramentarius, Amanita muscaria) .
From Roldan CA. The Ultimate Echo Guide. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (M-mode echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, automated border detection).
From Rosdahl DB. Textbook of Basic Nursing. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (spinal cord injury, blood clotting, auscultation).
Adapted from Royal Adelaide Hospital, Sexually Transmitted Diseases Services. Diagnosis and Management Guidelines: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection. Available at: http://www.stdservices.on.net/std/hiv-aids/management.htm. Accessed March 22, 2005 (clinical diagnosis of HIV-infected patients).
From Rubin E, Gorstein F, Schwarting R, Strayer DS. Rubin’s Pathology Clinicopathologic Foundations of Medicine. 4th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (Papanicolaou stain, periodic acid-Schiff stain, phosphotungstic acid stain, Prussian blue stain, von Kossa stain, Warthin-Starry silver stain, Auer rods, vacuolation, Reed-Sternberg cell, Sezary cell, Treponema pallidum spirochetes, Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex: stain, streptococcal impetigo, Warthin-Finkeldey giant cells, hepatitis A virus: electron micrograph, hepatitis B virus: electron micrograph, HIV-1 virons, viral hepatitis, macronodular cirrhosis, malaria, Trypanosoma cruzi, malaria: brain, amebic abscesses, clonorchiasis: liver, cysticercosis, sporotrichosis, teratoma of the ovary: opened, retinoblastoma: leukocoria, lentigo maligna melanoma: radial growth phase, teratoma of the ovary, lentigo maligna melanoma, spectral karyotype, trisomy 21, amyloid plaque, neurofibrillary tangle, Alzheimer disease: brain changes, arteriogram: ventricle, retinitis pigmentosa, optic atrophy, glaucoma: optic cupping, diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, chronic papilledema, empyema of maxillary sinus, Paget disease, adenoma, temporal arteritis, Lewy body, cholelithiasis, Alzheimer disease, bacterial endocarditis, oligodendroglioma, lobar pneumonia).
From Sadler T, PhD. Langman’s Medical Embryology Image Bank. 9th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (neuroglia, blastocyst, morula, limb defect: amniotic band syndrome, zygote: morula, 3-week human embryo, 22-day human embryo, 11-week fetus).
From Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, eds. Kaplan & Sadock’s Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (trichotillomania, hypnosis, major depressive disorder, Alzheimer dementia).
Courtesy of Christy Salvaggio, MD. From Greenberg MI, Hendrickson RG, Silverberg M, eds. Greenberg’s Text-Atlas of Emergency Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (pinworms).
From Sanders CV, Nesbitt LT Jr. The Skin and Infection: A Color Atlas and Text. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995 (tinea capitis: T. tonsurans, tinea pedis: T. mentagrophytes, Lyme disease).
Mikki Senkarik, San Antonio, TX (lateral position, oblique position, dorsal decubitus position, lateral decubitus position, ventral decubitus position, right anterior oblique position, left anterior oblique position, left posterior oblique position, right posterior oblique position).
Mikki Senkarik, San Antonio, TX. From Smeltzer SC, Bare BG. Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical Surgical-Nursing. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1996 (thoracoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy, colonoscopy).
Adapted from Skarin AT, Dorfman DM. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma: current classification and management. CA Cancer J Clin. 1997;Vol. 47:No 6 (lymphoma classification).
Reprinted with permission from The Skin Cancer Foundation, New York, NY. Basal Bell Carcinoma: The Most Common Skin Cancer. Copyright (c) 1986, revised 1999 (squamous cell carcinoma).
From Smeltzer SC, Bare BG. Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1996 (arthroplasty, internal fixation, hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis, positions, stripping of the saphenous vein, heart transplantation, external cephalic version, different configurations of skin lesions, Pap smear, cardiac tamponade, superficial veins, amputation, major digestive enzymes, assessment of chest pain).
From Smeltzer SC, Bare BG. Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (ventricular defibrillation, extra shock wave lithotripsy).
From Smeltzer SC, Bare BG. Brunner & Suddarth’s Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (0-10 numeric pain distress scale, laparoscopic cholecystectomy, cystoscopy).
From Smith DS. Field Guide to Bedside Diagnosis. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (splinter hemorrhages, thyroid onycholysis, internuclear ophthalmoplegia, oral thrush: candida, Addison’s buccal hyperpigmentation, amaurosis fugax, acute optic neuritis, Roth spots, tophi).
From Snell R. Clinical Anatomy. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (crura of diaphragm, duodenum, trigeminal nerve).
From Snell R. Clinical Neuroanatomy. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2001 (human cerebrospinal fluid, neuron types).
From Sontheimer RD, Provost TT, eds. Cutaneous Manifestations of Rheumatic Diseases. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004 (Raynaud phenomenon).
From Stark CE, Squire LR. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity in the hippocampal region during recognition memory. J Neurosci. 2000;20:7776 (memory).
Courtesy of Larry Staugger, Oregon State Public Health Laboratory. From Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA (bacteria: bacilli).
Adapted from Stites DP, Terr AI, Parslow TG. Basic and Clinical Medical Immunology. 8th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.; 1994 (classification of primary immunodeficiency disorders).
From Stoller JK, Ahmad M, Longworth DC, eds. Cleveland Clinic Intensive Review of Internal Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2000 (Legionella smear, adenocarcinoma, rectal varices).
Reprinted with permission from Streeter GL. Developmental horizons in human embryos: age groups XV, XVl, XVll, and XVlll [the third issue of a survey of the Carnegie Collection]. Contrib Embryol 1948;32:133. Courtesy of Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC (28-somite human embryo).
From Strohl WA, Rouse H, Fisher BD. Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews: Microbiology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001. Harvey RA, Champe PA, series editors (Yersinia pestis).
From Suddarth Smith, D. Lippincott’s Manual of Nursing Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Company; 1991 (stress response, goniometer, episiotomy, pyloric stenosis).
From Sun, Tsieh MD. Parasitic Disorders: Pathology, Diagnosis, and Management. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (Dracunculus medinensis, Entamoeba histolytica, Trichinella spiralis, liver fluke, Taenia saginata, worms, Brown-Brenn stain, Kinyoun stain, Giemsa stain, toluidine blue stain, Entamoeba histolytica: trophozoite, Giardia lamblia: trophozoite, Leishman-Donovan bodies, Trichuris trichiura, Trichomonas vaginalis, trichuriasis, iodine stain, Wuchereria bancrofti: microfilaria, Necator americanus, Enterobius vermicularis, Clonorchis sinensis, Taenia solium).
Sutton DA, Fothergill AW, Rinaldi MG. Guide to Clinically Significant Fungi. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1998 (Rhizopus arrhizus, Trichophyton mentagrophytes).
From Sutton DA, Fothergill AW, Rinaldi MG, Sun T, Koneman EW, Straus SE. LWW’s Organism Central [CD-ROM]. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (potassium hydroxide stain).
From Sweet RL, Gibbs RS. Atlas of Infectious Diseases of the Female Genital Tract. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (strawberry cervix, hydrops fetalis, Clostridium perfringens, Actinomyces israelii, post-staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, gonococcal mucopurulent cervicitis, gas gangrene, congenital Cytomegalovirus, acute pelvic inflammatory disease, pyosalpinx and blunted fimbria, Fitz-Hugh and Curtis syndrome).
From Swischuk LE. Emergency Imaging of the Acutely Ill or Injured Child. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000 (foreign body, hydrocarbon pneumonitis).
From Swischuk LE. Imaging of the Newborn, Infant and Young Child. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1997 (segmental colitis: cow’s milk allergy, nephrogram).
From Tasman W, Jaeger E. The Wills Eye Hospital Atlas of Clinical Ophthalmology. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2001 (fluorescein angiography, episcleritis, nevus flammeus, trachoma, cataract, corneal ulcer: Fusarium, capillary hemangioma, Pthirus pubis infestation, hypothyroidism, Aand B scan ultrasonography, dacryoscintigraphy, pseudophakic retinal detachment, rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, total retinal detachment, superior traction retinal detachment, pterygium, pigmented iris melanoma, coloboma, blepharitis, hyphema, papillary conjunctivitis, zoster pseudodendrites, zoster pseudodendrites: fluorescein, Peters anomaly, Peters anomaly: slit lamp view).
From Taylor C, Lillis C, LeMone P. Fundamentals of Nursing: The Art and Science of Nursing Care. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (acupuncture, restraints, surgical sutures, areas of pain, sleep, wound types).
Courtesy of Laurence J. and Richard D. Underwood, Mission Viejo, California (syphilis).
Courtesy of Temple University Health Sciences Center, Philadelphia, PA (bronchoscopy).
From USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (Aesculus).
Used with permission from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (lysergic acid diethylamide, MDMA, crystal meth, heroin, cocaine).
From Viadya CH, Austin G, Kirkorian G, et al. Selective Effect of Methylphendidate in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Study. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 1998;95:14494, with permission (ADHD).
From Volk WA, et al. Essentials of Medical Microbiology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven; 1996 (herpesvirus: budding, influenza viruses, Xenopsylla cheopis).
Courtesy of Wang F., University of California at Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA (perfusion, ventilation).
From Weber J RN, EdD and Kelley J RN, PhD. Health Assessment in Nursing. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (Tanner stages: male, candidiasis, scar, buildup of cerumen in ear, polyp, scarred tympanic membrane, stethoscope, body types: ectomorph, mesomorph, endomorph).
Courtesy of Welch Allyn, Inc., Skaneatleles Falls, NY (retinitis pigmentosa, nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis, normal fundus: with labels, foreign body in ear canal, exostosis).
From Wilcox RB. High-Yield Biochemistry. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999 (tricarboxylic acid cycle, polymerase chain reaction, transcription-schematic representation).
From Willis MC, CMA-AC. Medical Terminology: A Programmed Learning Approach to the Language of Health Care. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002 (electroencephalography, spirometry, two-dimensional sonogram: 8-week old embryo).
From Willis MC. Medical Terminology: The Language of Health Care. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (lesions, rhythm).
From Yamada T, Alpers DH, Kaplowitz N, et al. Textbook of Gastroenterology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (gastric ulcer, Candida esophagitis, Barrett esophagus, ulcerative colitis).
From Yamada T, Alpers DH, Kaplowitz N, Laine L, Owyang C, Powell DW, eds. Atlas of Gastroenterology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003 (Ascaris lumbricoides, polyarteritis nodosa, midesophageal diverticulum, Crohn disease, diverticulosis).
From Yamada T, Alpers DH, Owyang C, et al., eds. Atlas of Gastroenterology: Self-Assessment Guide. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Raven Publishers; 1997 (Crohn’s terminal ileum).
From Yeo C, Cameron JL. The pancreas. In: Hardy J, ed. Hardy’s Textbook of Surgery. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: JB Lippincott Co.; 1988 (pancreaticoduodenectomy).
From Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, et al. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: A preliminary report. J Psychiatr Research. 1983;17;37-49 (Geriatric Depression Scale: short form).
From Yokum TR, Rowe LJ. Essentials of Skeletal Radiology. 2nd ed. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1996 (dental film techniques, exostosis, myositis ossifications).
From Yochum TR, Rowe LJ. Essentials of Skeletal Radiology. 3rd ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005 (anteroposterior position, posteroanterior position, left lateral position, right lateral position, radiographic markers, gamekeeper’s thumb, Colles fracture, birth fracture of the clavicle, boot-top fracture, Salter-Harris fracture, hangman’s fracture, mandible fracture).
 
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